1 edition of Current status of barium enema and colonoscopy in diagnosis of colonic disease found in the catalog.
Current status of barium enema and colonoscopy in diagnosis of colonic disease
|Other titles||Barium enema and colonoscopy in diagnosis of colonic disease.|
|Statement||cosponsors, Yale Affiliated Gastroenterology Program, Connecticut Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; edited by Howard M. Spiro, Vincent A. DeLuca, Jr.|
|Contributions||Spiro, Howard M. 1924-, DeLuca, Vincent A., Yale Affiliated Gastroenterology Program., Connecticut Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.|
|LC Classifications||RC804.C64 C87|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 109 p. :|
|Number of Pages||109|
|LC Control Number||78061839|
The diagnostic value of colonoscopy was investigated in patients with certain or questionable cancer of the colon as demonstrated by an ordinary barium-enema examination. The diagnosis was Abstract. The propagation of cross-sectional imaging techniques and the competition from endoscopy are the two major factors contributing to the 29% decrease in barium enema studies observed in the United States between and , and confirmed in many other countries all over the world. US and CT have made it possible to study abdominal masses directly, instead of indirectly through
The current status of MRI in IBD colitis is that of a promising, noninvasive technique for imaging extent of more severe colonic IBD. When using MRI for this group of patients, one has to keep in mind that in a normal-appearing colon, superficial ulcerations and mucosal erythema can be present and that the disease extent is probably greater +status+of+MRI+in+patients+with+inflammatory. Caecal volvulus is an infrequently encountered clinical condition and an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction. Patients with this condition may present with highly variable clinical presentations ranging from intermittent, self limiting abdominal pain to acute abdominal pain associated with intestinal strangulation and sepsis. Lack of familiarity with this condition is a factor
The authors estimate the impacts of the 22 workup strategies on outcomes such as the chance of finding an existing cancer or adenoma, risks (bleeding and perforation), and financial costs of different strategies involving rigid sigmoidoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, barium enema, and colonoscopy. Two protocols were particularly :// Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer in the United States, with a 6% lifetime risk of disease .Routine screening for malignancies and adenomatous polyps is recommended to begin at the age of 50 years, or at a younger age for those at higher risk [2–5].Effective screening can greatly reduce colorectal cancer morbidity and mortality [6–8]; however, only 30
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The screening tests endorsed by these organizations include fecal occult blood testing, flexible sigmoidoscopy, air-contrast barium enema, and colonoscopy. Unfortunately, screening programs for colorectal cancer have been only partly successful, owing largely to poor patient compliance with screening recommendations [ 3, 4 ].
PURPOSE: To assess replacement of barium enema examination with colonoscopy in relation to age- and sex-related risk factors, place of service, physician specialty, and cost. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between and, insurance claims for barium enema examination and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy were retrospectively :// PURPOSE: To prospectively assess and compare perceptions of and preferences for computed tomographic (CT) colonography, colonoscopy, and double-contrast barium enema examination (DCBE) by asymptomatic patients undergoing colorectal cancer screening.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of asymptomatic patients at higher-than-average risk undergoing colorectal Colonoscopy coupled with biopsy is essential for the diagnosis, as is recognition of the endoscopic appearance, which may be quite similar to that of inflammatory bowel disease but carries a different prognostic significance and clinical management.
Unlike SCAD, the role of endoscopic assessment in colonic symptomatic uncomplicated The standard whole-colon tests used to investigate patients with symptoms of colorectal cancer are barium enema and colonoscopy.
Colonoscopy is the reference test but is technically difficult, resource intensive, and associated with adverse events, especially in the elderly. Barium enema is safer but has reduced sensitivity for cancer. CT colonography ("virtual colonoscopy") is a newer DonowitzM: Current concepts of laxative action: mechanisms by which laxatives increase stool water, in Current Status of Barium Enema and Colonoscopy in Diagnosis of Colonic Disease.
Norwalk, Connecticut, The Purdue Frederick Co.,p. 14 2. Dobbins JW: The pathophysiology of diarrhea, in Current Status of Barium Enema and Colonoscopy in The incidence of flat colonic neoplasia has been elucidated by Gorgun et al, whose evaluation of 3, adenomas removed during colonoscopy found 83% to be sessile, 10% to be flat, 6% to be pedunculated, and 1% to be depressed.
27 This prevalence of flat and depressed adenomas was validated by a report of 1, adults Veterans Affairs PURPOSE: To assess magnetic resonance (MR) colonography as a method for detection of colorectal masses, with conventional colonoscopy as the reference standard.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR colonography was performed in patients referred for colonoscopy because of the possible presence of a mass. After rectal filling with a gadopentetate dimeglumine and water enema, Current Status.
CT colonography has been included as a valid option in the joint guideline for colorectal cancer screening of average-risk individuals of the American College of Radiology, the United States Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American Cancer Society ing CTC is recommended every five years starting at the age of Purpose: To assess retrospectively the incidence, clinical features, and treatment of colonic perforation at computed tomographic (CT) colonography in a large multicenter cohort.
Materials and Methods: The study was performed in accordance with the institutional ethics committees' requirements of a retrospective review in each of the participating centers, and no informed consent was :// The barium enema imaging technique was one of the first studies that allowed characterization of the typical findings associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Barium enemas may be useful The current status of MRI in IBD colitis is that of a promising, noninvasive technique for imaging extent of more severe colonic IBD. When using MRI for this group of patients, one has to keep in mind that in a normal-appearing colon, superficial ulcerations and mucosal erythema can be present and that the disease extent is probably greater Air contrast barium enema (ACBE) has been included as an option in a variety of screening guidelines.
No studies, however, have directly addressed the effectiveness of barium enema for colon cancer screening. Several studies have indicated that the sensitivity of ACBE is less than that of colonoscopy, 27 especially for detecting lesions less Radiology has seen dramatic technological advances in recent years.
This multi-author text describes the current approach to colonic imaging and provides a detailed insight into likely future developments. The role of radiology in cancer screening is fully considered.
In this context, particular attention is devoted to CT and MR virtual colonography, which, it is anticipated, will largely Current status on performance of CT colonography and clinical indications Diverticular disease is the most common colonic disease of the Western world with a S.
Halligan, R.J. Lilford, J. Wardle, et of a multicentre randomized trial to evaluate CT colonography versus colonoscopy or barium enema for diagnosis of colonic cancer A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy.
N Engl J Med ; Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar; 7 Fenlon HM, Nunes DP, Schroy PC, et al. A comparison of virtual and conventional colonoscopy for the detection of colorectal polyps.
N Engl J Med ; Joshua Broder MD, FACEP, in Diagnostic Imaging for the Emergency Physician, Barium Enema for Appendicitis.
Before the advent of CT, barium enema was used periodically in assessment of appendicitis. Although a mass effect on the cecum and nonfilling of the appendix were described as diagnostic of appendicitis, these findings can be seen in nonsurgical disease processes such as small For the detection of colon polyps and malignancies, it is more sensitive and specific than double-contrast barium enema, computed tomography, and virtual colonoscopy.
It is a gold standard in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases, such as lower gastrointestinal bleeding, polyps, and colon :// Double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) is one of four tests (along with fecal occult blood, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy) widely accepted for colorectal cancer screening.
It is reimbursed by Medicare for colon screening in asymptomatic :// The low yield of colonoscopy for diagnosis of colonic angioma in this study of (9 of 18, 50% yield) contrasts markedly with prospective studies in a larger referral population (more than 90% yield).
The authors' attribute the relatively low yield of colonoscopy to the performance of (00)/fulltext. With the emergence of virtual colonoscopy and capsule endoscopy, barium enema has faded in favor as the diagnostic tool of choice for asymptomatic and symptomatic colonic lesions.
In recent years, virtual colonoscopy has rivaled traditional colonoscopy as an effective tool in colorectal cancer screening, whereas MR colonography presents The imaging of inflammatory and traumatic conditions of the colon is described, as are current colonic interventional options, such as tumour stenting, colon decompression and vascular embolisation.
In short, this book provides a comprehensive, well-illustrated and up-to-date review of colonic ://Chan CH, Diner WC, Fontenot E, et al: Randomized single blind clinical trial of a rapid colonic lavage solution (Golytely) vs.
standard preparation for barium enema and colonoscopy. Gastrointest Radiol ;10(4)– PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar